The trading company chatham
In this blog our Director, Dr Paul Seawarddiscusses the parliamentary background to one of the worst defeats in The trading company chatham naval history…. The Dutch raid on the Medway is usually treated in England as a naval disaster.
But it was even more a political disaster — a sorry tale of political overreach and mismanagement that ended with what was probably the most humiliating defeat inflicted on the the trading company chatham. The second Anglo-Dutch war was one of a series of conflicts between the English state and a Dutch republic which had emerged the trading company chatham from years of war with the Spanish crown, from whose control it had revolted in the sixteenth century, as an unlikely sea and colonial power: But commerce was always complicated by politics.
Though formally a republic, the Dutch state had its own aspirant royal family — the Princes of Orange, closely allied by marriage to the English and Scottish Stuarts. English conflict with the Dutch in the s had a political edge as the English republic fought in part at least to combat the Orange interest in the Dutch republic.
Afterthe sweeping away of the English republic, and the Restoration of the monarchy, the English state the trading company chatham changed its colours, and was now a firm protector of the infant Prince of Orange against those in Dutch politics who wanted to keep monarchy firmly at bay.
The monarchical question introduced fresh tensions into the post Anglo-Dutch relationship. English royalists the trading company chatham imbibed a strong suspicion of the Dutch republic over the previous twenty years.
But were these issues, or the commercial rivalry — increasingly visible as it was across the world — enough, in themselves, to spark war? Supposedly based on evidence from various economic interest groups about the economic problems facing the country, it declared that. And that the same be humbly and speedily presented to the trading company chatham Majesty: And that he be most humbly moved to take some speedy and effectual Course for Redress thereof, and all other of the like Nature, and for the Prevention of the like in future: But the truth was more complicated.
There is plenty to indicate that the ground for the resolution had been assiduously prepared by the government itself, and that those who spoke for a new company, The Company of Royal Adventurers trading into Africa, were given undue prominence. Voices that might have emphasised the harm that war might do the trading company chatham the economy were not heard.
One is that it was intended as a tactic in a difficult series of bilateral negotiation: Certainly the English ambassador in the republic, Sir George Downinghad urged such a course of action.
James was certainly aggressive, keen on military action and national glory. It is difficult to disentangle the reasons for this. It may have been because the government overreached itself in a bid to secure the money through the unpopular device of an extension to excise taxation the struggle against this proposal was immortalised by Andrew Marvell in his Last Instructions to a Painterpossibly the only verse about a parliamentary debate ever written by a known poet.
It may have been because while members were unwilling to be seen directly opposing the grant of money, they were less reluctant to be seen protecting the interests of their constituents by wrangling over how it should be raised. Or it could have been because the Duke of Buckingham, a favourite of Charles II, but an erratic politician increasingly hostile to the The trading company chatham of York, was active stirring up trouble among members of Parliament on various issues throughout the session.
The government got their grant of money by the end of the session. But it seems to have been little help in preparing for war. The government had little choice but to cross fingers and hope that peace negotiations were already well under way would be agreed before the beginning of the summer campaigning season, and that no fleet would be required. The hope proved misplaced. You are commenting using your WordPress.
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