Verb types in marathi
The grammar of the Marathi language shares similarities with other modern Indo-Aryan languages such as HindiGujarati or Punjabi. The first modern book exclusively on Marathi Grammar was printed in by Shubham Bhatt. The principal word order in Marathi is SOV subject—object—verb. Marathi preserves the neuter gender found in Sanskrit, a feature further distinguishing it from many Indo-Aryan languages.
Typically, Marathi adjectives do not inflect unless they end in long a, in which case they inflect for gender and number. Marathi verbs inflect for tense past, present, future. Verbs can agree with their subjects, yielding an active voice construction, or with their objects, yielding a passive voice construction.
A third type of voice, not found in English for example, is produced when the verb agrees with neither subject nor object. Affixation is largely suffixal in the language and postpositions are attested.
The contemporary grammatical rules described by Maharashtra Sahitya Parishad and endorsed by the Government of Maharashtra are supposed to take precedence in standard written Marathi. These rules are described in Marathi Grammarwritten by M. The book is widely referred to students in schools and colleges.
While this supports Marathi Language with a larger treasure of Sanskrit words to cope up with demands of new technical words whenever needed; maintains influence over Marathi.
Marathi words can be classified in any of the following parts of speech:. There are three genders in Marathi: Some other, modern Indo-European languages have lost these genders, completely or in part, with either common gender merging masculine and feminineas in some Northern Germanic languages, and neuter or masculine absorbing neuter and feminine, as in almost all Romance language, with the notable exception of Romanian. The three-gender system of German is seen as one reason for the popularity of studying German amongst Marathi native speakers.
There are differences of opinion regarding grammatical cases in Marathi. Ram 'Ram' and obliquewhich is used before postpositions e. According to the alternative analysis, there is a distinction between two classes of "postpositions". Some of them, like -pasun 'from' have a wide range of meanings and can be separated form the noun by clitics like -cya e.
The latter are then considered to be the case markers. In this view, the cases are: The form of the oblique suffix depends on the gender and the final vowel of the word it is suffixed to. The form of the original word changes when such a suffix is to be attached to the word, and the new, modified root is referred to as saamaanya ruup of the original word.
The nominal suffixes are tabulated below. There is gender distinction in the first- and second-persons when the pronouns act as agreement markers on verbs; as independent pronouns this distinction in lost. A Marathi sentence generally has three parts: In a Marathi sentence, the subject comes first, then the object, and finally the verb. However, in some sentences there is no object. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article contains Indic text. Without proper rendering supportyou may see question marks or boxesmisplaced vowels or missing conjuncts instead of Indic text. Lexical Diffusion and Literacy. Archived from the original on 7 December A Grammar of the Marathi Language. Serampur [ sic ]: Daily News and Analysis. Archived from the original on 12 March Links to related articles. Balbodh style of Devanagari Braille Modi Marathi romanization. Anti-Marathi agitations of Karnataka.
Grammars of specific South Asian languages. Kannada Malayalam Tamil Telugu. Retrieved from " https: Marathi language Grammars of specific languages. Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March Views Read Edit View history.
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